University of Technology Sydney

83122 Machine-knitted Textiles

Warning: The information on this page is indicative. The subject outline for a particular session, location and mode of offering is the authoritative source of all information about the subject for that offering. Required texts, recommended texts and references in particular are likely to change. Students will be provided with a subject outline once they enrol in the subject.

Subject handbook information prior to 2024 is available in the Archives.

UTS: Design, Architecture and Building: Design
Credit points: 6 cp
Result type: Grade and marks

There are course requisites for this subject. See access conditions.

Requisite elaboration/waiver:

No prerequisites required

Recommended studies:

N/A

Description

This subject introduces students to constructed textiles by exploring the structural, conceptual, and technical opportunities knitting offers. The subject is practice-based and includes technical knitting processes and production using a variety of domestic knitting machine gauges. Students are taught fundamental techniques using standard yarns and encouraged to experiment and challenge conventions as they progress through creative design thinking. They explore a range of materials and processes that can be used in specialist areas such as women's and men's wear or complementary design disciplines. A unique aspect of this subject is the integration of Shima Seiki Design software, an industry-standard tool for fabric simulation. This software allows students to digitally visualise and test knit patterns before physical production, significantly reducing material waste and promoting sustainable fashion practices. By learning to use this software, students gain valuable skills that align with industry demands and sustainability goals. This subject is the only one offered at the university level in New South Wales, appealing to students who desire to create innovative fabrics with imaginative visual and material properties.

Subject learning objectives (SLOs)

On successful completion of this subject, students should be able to:

1. Develop technical skills and competency in using a variety of domestic knitting machine gauges.
2. Develop creative design outcomes through challenging materials and processes.
3. Develop an original aesthetic through experimentation with various knitting techniques and fabric structures.
4. Develop effective visual presentation skills relevant to fashion and/or textile design.
5. Demonstrate proficiency in using Shima Seiki Design software for fabric simulation, promoting sustainable design practices by reducing material waste.
6. Demonstrate professional ability in creating and presenting a comprehensive portfolio that showcases their knitted fabric designs and technical skills.

Course intended learning outcomes (CILOs)

This subject also contributes to the following Course Intended Learning Outcomes:

  • Recognise the importance of sustainability to fashion and textiles industries (A.1)
  • Effectively communicate concepts in fashion and textiles in performative, oral, visual and written forms (C.2)
  • Develop an original aesthetic sensibility (I.1)
  • Demonstrate an ability to adapt technology and materials creatively (I.3)
  • Demonstrate the ability to acquire, use and integrate relevant technical skills into creative projects. (P.2)

Contribution to the development of graduate attributes

This subject contributes to the course educational aims to produce graduates with high levels of:

  • creativity and innovation
  • communication and interpersonal skills, practical and professional skills
  • critical thinking and research skills
  • professional and personal attitudes and values.

The term CAPRI is used for the five Design, Architecture and Building faculty graduate attribute categories where:

C = communication and groupwork

A = attitudes and values

P = practical and professional

R = research and critique

I = innovation and creativity.

Course intended learning outcomes (CILOs) are linked to these categories using codes (e.g. C-1, A-3, P-4, etc.).

Teaching and learning strategies

3 hour design/technical knit studio

NB: there will be no extra hours outside of class time - all the machine knitting for this subject has been designed to be completed in class

Feedback

Your Design Mentor/Tutor will demonstrate techniques and offer daily feedback in your studio session. Formal written feedback will be provided for each of the assessment tasks.

Engaging in Lectures, Studio and Seminars

Students are encouraged to prepare themselves each week by researching the topic. There will be opportunities for students to ask questions, clarify issues, explore ideas and create discussion.

The studio sessions will involve meeting with your tutor to discuss your research, concepts and design progress.

Independent and self-managed learning

There is ongoing encouragement for students to learn from each other as well as reflect on their experiences through studio discussions. Self-management strategies and independent learning are crucial to continuing development as a design practitioner. It will be up to students to adhere to the week-to-week program.

Content (topics)

A core aim of this subject is to introduce you to machine knitting techniques and enable you to develop the ability to be innovative, challenge design aesthetics and explore your ideas through two-dimensional and three-dimensional enquiry. It is an introduction to machine knitting that will give you the skills to develop further as you progress through your degree.

You will cover the following in this course:

- Introduction to the knitting machine, functions, parts, and maintenance

- Inspiration and design ideas for knitting

- Yarns suitability and experimentation

- Understanding knit tension

- Introduction to Shima Seiki APEXFiz® Design software for fabric simulation

- Integrating fabric simulation with physical knitting to test and refine designs

- Professional presentation of knitted samples and simulated fabrics

- Various knitting techniques:

  1. Cast on and cast off
  2. Stripes
  3. Increase and decrease by one needle
  4. Increase and decrease by multiple needles
  5. Engineered lace/eyelet
  6. Engineered ladder/drop stitch
  7. Multiple tucks
  8. Cables
  9. Twist
  10. Short row/ Partial knitting
  11. Single hem fold
  12. Mock rib hem fold

Outcomes

This subject will provide you with an understanding of your own creative thinking using machine knitting techniques.

By the end of the subject, you will have a portfolio of technical and experimental machine-knitted outcomes that can be used to inform future work across a range of disciplines.

Assessment

Assessment task 1: Design Development File

Intent:

This assessment task introduces students to machine knitting, focusing on techniques. Students will learn new terminology relevant to machine knitting for industry practice. This task is the first part of the portfolio, where students explore innovative approaches to machine knitting through experimentation with materials and processes. Students will research and develop a concept drawn from the assigned theme to create innovative knitted samples.

Objective(s):

This task addresses the following subject learning objectives:

1, 2, 3 and 4

This task also addresses the following course intended learning outcomes that are linked with a code to indicate one of the five CAPRI graduate attribute categories (e.g. C.1, A.3, P.4, etc.):

C.2, I.1, I.3 and P.2

Type: Portfolio
Groupwork: Individual
Weight: 50%
Criteria linkages:
Criteria Weight (%) SLOs CILOs
Presentation: Professional presentation of fabrics, fabric headers, and porfolio. 15 3 C.2
Knitted fabric samples: Overall demonstration of appropriate levels of technical skills reflecting your understanding of the machine knitting techniques covered to date. 35 1 P.2
Knitted fabric samples: Overall innovation explored through material and yarns 35 2 I.3
Mood board and concept statement: Originality and depth of ideas explored and developed throughout the class 15 4 I.1
SLOs: subject learning objectives
CILOs: course intended learning outcomes

Assessment task 2: Experimental Knit Collection

Intent:

This task is a self-initiated project where students explore innovative approaches to machine knitting through experimentation with materials and processes. Students will research and develop a concept drawn from the assigned theme to create a portfolio of innovative knitted samples, including post-treatments such as dye, print, bonding and felting. Students will continue to evolve their professional visual presentation skills through the development of the knit design portfolio.

Objective(s):

This task addresses the following subject learning objectives:

1, 2, 4, 5 and 6

This task also addresses the following course intended learning outcomes that are linked with a code to indicate one of the five CAPRI graduate attribute categories (e.g. C.1, A.3, P.4, etc.):

A.1, C.2, I.1, I.3 and P.2

Type: Portfolio
Groupwork: Individual
Weight: 50%
Criteria linkages:
Criteria Weight (%) SLOs CILOs
Quality of knitted fabric simulation 10 5 A.1
Knitted fabric samples: Overall exploration of innovative approaches to stitch techniques including creative problem solving and technical considerations 30 1 P.2
Mood Board and concept statement: Originality and depth of ideas explored and developed throughout class 15 4 I.1
Knitted fabric samples: Overall innovation explored through material and yarns 30 2 I.3
Presentation: Professional presentation of fabrics, fabric headers, and porfolio. 15 6 C.2
SLOs: subject learning objectives
CILOs: course intended learning outcomes

Minimum requirements

The DAB attendance policy requires students to attend no less than 80% of formal teaching sessions (lectures and tutorials) for each class they are enrolled in to remain eligible for assessment.

References

Allen J 1986, The machine knitting book: how to design and create beautiful garments on your knitting machine, Readers Digest Services, Sydney

Black S 2002, Knitwear in fashion, Thames and Hudson, United Kingdom

Devaney B 1989, The harmony guide to colourful machine knitting, Lyric, London

Elliott S 2015, Knit: Innovations in Fashion, Art and Design, Lawrence King Publishing Ltd, London

Entwistle J and Wilson E (eds), 2001, Body dressing, Berg, United Kingdom

Evans C 2003, Fashion at the edge: spectacle, modernity and deathliness, Yale University Press

Gale C and Kaur J (eds) 2002, The textile book, Berg, United Kingdom

Hemmings J (ed) 2010, In the loop: knitting now, Black Dog, United Kingdom

Kawamura Y 2005, Fashionology, Berg, United Kingdom

Landahl K 2015, The myth of the silhouette: on form thinking in knitting design, (Doctoral thesis), University of Boras

Seymour S 2009, Fashionable technology: the intersections of design, fashion, science, and technology, SpringerWein, New York

Turney J 2009, The culture of knitting, Berg, United Kingdom

Udale J 2014, Fashion Knitwear, Laurence King Publishing Limited, United Kingdom

Journal:

Knitting Industry Creative, https://www.knittingindustry.com/creative/

Knitting Industry, https://www.knittingindustry.com/

Knitting Trade journal, Mowbray Communications Ltd, Pontefract, West Yorkshire, UK (copies can be obtained from the UTS library)